Language is a cognitive ability that relies on cognitive skills such as verbal memory, verbal reasoning, and both visual and auditory processing. When we are young, we acquire language through the words that we hear spoken around us. The ability to understand and produce language comes from Broca’s area, located in the left hemisphere. Also located in the left hemisphere is Wernicke’s area, which allows people to produce fluent and sensible speech. The right hemisphere is also involved in language processing by helping people understand figurative language and idiomatic speech. Language disorders can occur from developmental or medical conditions, causing people to seek treatment.
Recalling words from one’s vocabulary
Putting together word fragments to make words
Remembering items on a list
Using semantic knowledge to recall, place, and identify words
Using words correctly in a sentence
Memorize the key elements of a text in order to later reconstruct it in a logical manner.