Visual-spatial skills allow us to orient ourselves in space, perceive objects in our environment, construct a scene, and mentally manipulate objects when they are not present. For example, we use visual-spatial skills to walk to a table at a restaurant without bumping into other guests. Because of the complexity of visual information, visual-spatial skills use the input and output of multiple brain regions. Namely, the temporal lobes, parietal lobes, occipital lobes, and lateral prefrontal cortex are all involved in developing and executing visual-spatial skills. Children and adults can have difficulty with visual-spatial skills due to various medical conditions.
Mentally rotating objects
Perceiving objects in non-traditional orientations
Separating parts of a whole
Distinguishing orientations of objects in physical space